Legal framework for assisted reproduction… | Prague Fertility Centre

Who can legally have IVF in the Czech Republic? 



Assisted reproduction in the Czech Republic is coveted by people from around the world, due to the high level of medical care, short waiting times and the possibility to use diagnosis and methods of treatment that are not available in their home country. Read below about the conditions under which you can undergo artificial insemination in the Czech Republic.

What are the legal conditions for assisted reproduction in the Czech Republic?

For any couple, Czech law sets conditions for artificial insemination that relate to the age and composition of the couple. Without meeting them, you cannot undergo the treatment process.

Age limit set only for women

Probably the most initially important and common question on assisted reproduction is age. Couples must take age into account on their journey to start a family. For a man, age is not a factor in assisted reproduction as he can provide sperm to his partner at any age. However, for women age is a prerequisite for beginning treatment. Women can undergo assisted reproduction treatment up to the age of 49. To be precise, a woman must not be older than 48 years + 364 days on the day of the embryo transfer.

Treatment is legally for heterosexual couples only

Czech legislation stipulates who can undergo fertility treatment with regard to gender and relationships. Under the law, assisted reproduction is legally categorised as as couples’ therapy. Both partners in a couple must participate, specifically on the basis of a written confirmation signed by both before each cycle. It is not necessary, however, for both partners to be present at all visits. Also important legally is that the a couple does not have to be married. The second condition in this respect is that the couple must be heterosexual. For lesbian couples and women without a partner, assisted reproduction in the Czech Republic is not, as of yet, a legal way to have a child.

The use and donation of eggs and embryos also have legal conditions

In the Czech Republic, it is legally permissible to undergo assisted reproduction with donated eggs or embryos. This is an invaluable help for couples whose own reproductive cells do not allow them to conceive. At the same time, egg and sperm donation has legal conditions. The first is strict anonymity for both parties. This condition will ensure a peaceful decision-making process for the donor and a less potential future worrieds for the recipient.

An egg donor should be a woman between the ages of 18 and 35, and a sperm donor man between the ages of 18 and 40. In all cases, donors must go through a strict admission process at our clinic, which includes a thorough examination. The recipient of the eggs or embryos must then meet the above-mentioned conditions for assisted reproduction, for instance they must be under 49 years old.

Gender selection is not possible

The law is strict about the use of certain methods and procedures in assisted reproduction. Importantly, legally you are not permitted to choose the sex of the child.