January is Cervical Health Awareness Month. According to The Who, there were 570 000 women diagnosed with Cervical Cancer in 2018, 99% of cases are due to HPV infections.
What you need to know about Cervical Cancer
- Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer in women, after breast and colon cancer.
- The onset of the tumor is preceded by a long-term infection with severe types of HPV viruses and the development of changes.
- This has resulted in the urgency of getting regular check-ups (PAP test of cytology, colposcopy) which detect pre-tumor changes in the cervix on time so that it can be treated correctly.
- Regular cervix check-ups are not only relevant to the the treatment of sterility and infertility but a preventive exam indicated for the entire female population.
- In case that a serious stage of cancer is identified during an ongoing pregnancy it may result in the premature termination of the pregnancy and, in the worst cases, may have fatal consequences.
- The future is certainly to vaccinate the entire population against HPV infections, which can significantly help in the eradication of this disease.
- Until this happens, regular check-ups of the global female population are the only and safest way of prevention.